Now maintenance mistakes can strike even the most experienced cyclist perhaps They don’t know what they’re doing or maybe they haven’t even spotted them yet Now I’ve been fortunate enough to have been able to ride with world Champions Olympic champions and even a Tour de France winner and some of these problems even plagued them, too So let’s have a look at five maintenance mistakes for you to avoid Lubricating your chain is a process that to be perfectly honest shouldn’t be rushed If you end up spraying around an aerosol can like a teacher rubbing away a chalkboard well You’re going to end up not doing the best job And then on the flip side if you end up being scared of applying lubricant well It’s really going to end up with a squeaky chain And that’s going to annoy both yourself as well as anyone else that you’re riding with So let’s look at how to avoid your chain looking like it’s come out of a swamp or on the other side Looking like it’s been in a desert So firstly you’re going to want to make sure that your drivetrain is absolutely spotless So give it a good old clean with some degreaser and once It’s dry Then you want to apply the lubricant now the best method for this would actually be to Rotate your chain around so you have the joining pin at the bottom run of chain so underneath the chain stay and then simply apply that lubricant Whilst at the same time back peddling one revolution now I’m not dismissing the use of aerosol lubricants but if you are using them just be aware that any wayward spray can in fact contaminate disc rotors if you’ve got them or your braking track on your rims So if you are doing that actually put a bit of rag or cloth make sure it’s clean over them before you start applying give the cranks a few more turns without spraying the lubricant just so it can work into the rollers and Allow it to actually work its way in for one or two hours And then you can just wipe that off and you’re good to go now if you’re using Lubricant from a bottle the process is virtually the same so make sure that the joining pin or link is at the bottom run of Chain so that’s a good reference point for you to start and finish with and then apply the lubricant to each individual roller It does take a little bit longer than applying with an aerosol But personally I prefer that method because I’m not wasting anything and also there’s no chance of it spraying off anywhere else and just like The aerosol just backpedal a few times to allow that lubricant to work its way into the pins and rollers And then leave it for a couple of hours And then come back with a nice clean cloth and actually wipe away any excess from the chain again. Just pedaling backwards Essentially you don’t want any lubricant on the outside of the chain, or where it shouldn’t be the only place It should be is inside those pins and rollers so you’re rolling nice and smooth Always always always check your tire pressure before going out for a ride Why well if it’s too soft You’re going to run the risk of getting a pinch puncher as well as the extra resistance from a slightly saggy tire And if it’s too hard well You’re gonna get a really harsh ride the exception there of course is if you’re riding the super smooth siberian pine of a velodrome Why do you actually need to check that pressure though surely? it’s going to be the same as last time no because an inner tube does actually lose pressure through natural ways and Secondly the temperature can also affect it and lastly no one wants to punch you in there at riding today So make sure you check your pressure Now there is something also sad when you check out a bike especially on a mile munchers And the headset is either too loose or too tight now with a Toulouse headset It’s very likely that actually it’s worked its way into that state Rather than being initially set up wrong and it’s quite a gradual process so a rider won’t necessarily have noticed it And they’ve just kind of got used to it, so if that’s happened to you, and it’s been going on for quite a while It’s pretty likely that your Bearings are gonna be in such a bad state that they can’t be saved so you are gonna need some new ones on the flip Side though if that headset is too tight well You’re more than likely gonna be able to just loosen off your stem bolts and also your top cap and then readjust it Essentially you want to make sure that there’s no plate where you hold the front brake and you try and rock that fall But also it’s not tight so it can easily fall Either way of course some cables they do add a little bit of resistance in there But really you just want to feel and make sure it’s not stiff or grungy then you’ll be nice and smooth on those corners Now poor cable setup is going to lead to poor performance, and I’ve got a couple of stories here first one I was out riding with a friend of mine once upon a time, and we stopped at the cafe And he asked me to have a look at his gears for him now He was actually down here in the eleven which was quite rare for him to be perfectly honest But it took me four clicks of the STI lever to actually move it up there onto the 12 sprocket now I don’t know if that was poor set up or just cable stretch I also don’t know how long he had been riding like that but Basically he wouldn’t have been able to get any further than Halfway up the cassette through that setup so make sure that cable does have the right tension in it And you’re not missing out on any gears now the second one is brakes another rider He’s actually a current world cyclocross champion and his brakes have got to be the worst. I’ve ever Experienced when I felt them you could pull the levers back about 75% of the way to the handlebar before his brakes started to move Now why was it doing that well the actual cable the outer cable was moving inside of the ferrule that much That the inner cable wasn’t doing his job. You could see it moving So make sure that your brake cables are inserted properly into the ferals That’s the outer cables so in essence as soon as you pull on your brake lever you actually want to see the caliper move then that how small the movement of the lever is and exactly the same can be said with your draya’s too so as Soon as you click that gear the derailleur is in fact moving then you’re gonna be good to go So your gears are working fine or Maybe you put some new cables on or perhaps your gears aren’t working fine and gear changes aren’t as crisp as they should be Do not touch those limit screws ok I see so many people Reaching for them when their gears aren’t working correctly the only time you need to actually fiddle around with those although It’s not strictly fiddling rather adjusting is if your chain is either going too far in one direction or too far in the other so Over the sprockets at each side if your gears are not indexing correctly just simply turn that barrel adjuster one way or the other to increase or decrease Finally the tension of that cable Just don’t touch those limit screws if you don’t need to now if you fall and victim to any of these maintenance Mistakes the good news is down there in the description below We have in fact got a video for each and every one of those problems, so you can rectify it yourself now I do remember as well to like and share this video with your friends and also check out the gcn shop at shop global cycling Network comm and Finally for another great tech video how about clicking down here for the latest GCM tech clinic?